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Обучение деловому общению на английском языке по теме The World of Work
Автор(ы): Мингажев Альберт Салихович
Тема урока является продолжением профильно-ориентированного курса “Обучение делового общения на английском языке” в старших классах.|
Цель – формировать и развивать навыки и умения делового общения средствами английского языка, подготовить выпускников школ к выбору будущей профессии, воспитывать умение высказывать мысли на иностранном языке и вырабатывать толерантное отношение к чужому мнению.
Деловая лексика дается на широком социально-культурном фоне, т.е. язык изучается в тесной связи с культурой, экономикой, общественно-политическим строем носителей данного языка.
Разрабатывая тематику курса, необходимо взять для изучения темы, которые знакомят учащихся с элементами делового курса “Business English”, с особенностями работы офиса, с профессиями: менеджер, торговый агент, секретарь-референт, администратор офиса и т.д. (a manager, a sales assistant, a secretary, a receptionist, etc.).
Оборудование урока: карточки с основными профессиями, раздаточный материал, таблицы, запись текста для аудирования, наглядные пособия, компьютер.
Work saves us from three great evils: boredom, vice and need.
Give a person a fish and they eat for a day. Teach a person how to fish and they eat for the rest of their lives.
The theme of our lesson is “World of Work”. It will be the continue of previous lessons. On today’s lesson I have invited my colleagues and your teachers and want to offer them to take active part in our discussion. Let’s greet them.
What do you want to be after graduating? You have heard this question many times during your school years. Perhaps, it was difficult for you to give a definite answer earlier. But you understand that the time to choose your future profession has come. Finishing school is the beginning of an independent life for millions of school-leavers. Many roads are open before them: technical schools, colleges and universities.
Centuries ago there were only a few jobs: people were farmers, bakers, butchers and carpenters. What medieval jobs and occupations do you know yet?
Some of your classmates had prepared their project answering that question. Let’s listen to them.
2. Activity 1: Pupils’ project. The others write down as many jobs and occupations as they can (5 – 8 min).
3. Activity 2: Check pupils’ answers (their homework) with answers on the board (2 min).
4. Activity 3 (3-4 min):
|№ ||Answer the questions: ||Possible answers (write down on the board): |
|1. ||Why do people work? ||Man works to earn his living |
|2. ||The work that a man does to earn his living is called by various names: ||Occupation, vocation, business, job, trade, service, ministry. |
|3. ||What is essential in any occupation? ||Working with others and doing your best is essential in any occupation. |
|4. ||What may happen if the tasks you perform do not make profit for your employer? ||The employer will not have money to pay or Increase wages or do needed research for improved products, to make building repairs; you won’t have opportunities there. |
|5. ||What elements of work should be present for an action to be considered work? ||The most common elements of work are: effort, energy, goal, physical and mental activities, initiative, creativity, productivity, profit. |
|6. ||What is work? ||Work is any effort put forth to complete a particular goal. |
|7. ||What motivates a person to select a particular vocation? ||Is it money, position, benefits, interest, companionship, a desire to serve others or a sense of identity? |
Teacher: There are two basic types of workers: self-employed and those who work for others. The person who is self-employed becomes totally responsible for his/her work and services, or production. Suppose you choose to go into business for yourself. You must do a lot of research.
Ask questions, so that you can receive the following information:
5. Activity 4: All work and no play make Jack a dull boy (10 min).
- First, you decide what goods or services people need. You decide what will produce, how many employees you will need, and what price you will charge for your products/services.
- through the making, buying, and selling of goods and services.
- The main economic principle at work is the law of supply and demand (the desire and ability of consumers to purchase your products) /The law of supply and demand: Price = Supply + Demand/
- As producers attempt to please consumers, competition is created, which results in the highest quality at a price acceptable to the consumer.
- The profit motive and competition build initiative and motivate producers and workers to become productive.
Teacher: Today there are thousands of different kinds of jobs, and new ones are constantly appearing. No wonder that is not an easy thing to make the right choice. When choosing a future career, we should consider different factors. Call them.
Task 1: Make up a survey among students and teachers interviewing them.
P1 (first group): - What factors do my schoolmates take into account in choosing a future profession?
P2 (second group): - What factors did my teachers take into account in choosing a future profession?
- Which were/are/will be the most prestigious professions yesterday/today/tomorrow?
(Для интервьюирования раздать каждому представителю команды бланк с названиями приоритетов выбора профессии, опрашиваемым указать соответствующее место каждого фактора. Команды анализируют полученную информацию и схематично изображают ее на диаграмме.
The result of this research will be to show how our society changed and whether we can speak about generation gap)
|Factors ||Benefits ||Position |
|Money ||Interest ||Compa- |
|A desire to serve others ||A sense of identity ||Influence of other people ||Your personal factor |
|Position || || || || || || || || || |
The result of a survey among my schoolmates and teachers (percentage)
|Profession ||Place |
|yesterday ||today ||tomorrow |
|1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. || || || |
For report of experts (statistician):
|Factors which are taken into account ||Teachers ||Schoolmates |
- Job satisfaction (interest)
- Personal qualities and abilities (traits of character)
- Position (status)
- Desire to serve others
- Sense of identity
- Promotional prospects
- The influence of other people
|% % ||% % |
When choosing a future career, we should consider different factors. In my opinion (and …%) money is one of the most important factors when you make a choice (% of teachers and classmates). There are highly paid jobs and low-paid jobs. For example, a businessman, a president or a film star. A worker, a doctor or an engineer, are low-paid jobs. I think everybody wants to earn as much money as possible. Training, promotional prospects and conditions should be also taken into account.
On the other hand, it’s good when you get satisfaction from your job. It’s very important to choose a profession that suits your interests. In my opinion, a job should be interesting and socially important (% of teachers and classmates). Some jobs are considered to be more suitable for men and others for women. For example, the professions of secretary or nurse are more suitable for women. A lifeguard or a pilot are more likely the jobs for men. You should also decide whether you want to work indoors or outdoors.
To make the right choice, you should take into account your traits of character. It goes without saying that to become a good doctor you must be patient, caring and kind. Teacher’s work requires love for children, profound knowledge of subjects, and the ability to explain. A secretary has to be efficient and careful in order to do her work quickly and accurately. Salespeople need to be friendly and persuasive, to get people buy their products.
There are so many people who influence us in choosing our occupation. Parents and friends play a very important role in our choices.
Some expressions for experts:
- Nobody said that …
- A few people said …
- A lot of people …
- Everybody said that …
- Most of them …
- The majority believes/thinks …; the majority of the students …
- As we found out, both …
6. Activity 5: A. Dialogue “Choosing a Career” (3 min). (group of 3 students)
Harry: Well, Robert, have you made your mind yet what you want to do when you leave college?
Nora: Oh, Harry, surely he’s a bit young to decide on his career. He hasn’t even got to college yet.
Harry: Not at all, Nora. It’s wisest to decide in good time. Look at me, for example. I really wanted to be a sailor, but now I spend my days sitting at a desk in an office. Yes, it’s silly to train for the wrong job.
And after all, Robert will be going to college soon.
Nora: (musing) Now if I were a man I’d be a farmer. To see the crops growing – that’s my idea of good life.
Harry: Yes, and to see the money rolling in is more important still.
Robert: Well, that’s not the way I look at it, Dad. It’s the job I care about, not the money.
Harry: Maybe not, but you’ll learn to care about the money too, when you’ve got a family to keep.
Nora: And of course, Peter, - well, he’s keen to be a racing motorist, or else an explorer.
Robert: Oh, Peter’s not old enough to make up his mind about such things.
Harry: Well, you haven’t answered my question yet, Robert. What would you like to do?
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