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Обучение грамматике на основе диалогов

Автор(ы): Кандаурова Юлия Анатольевна, учитель английского языка; Бубнова Елена Львовна, учитель английского языка

В процессе формирования грамматического навыка такие виды тренировочных упражнений как имитативные и подстановочные играют немаловажную роль, а именно являются «мостиком» между формированием формальной и функциональной стороной грамматического навыка.
Основные положения функционального подхода, который стимулирует развитие как рецептивных, так и продуктивных речевых действий, нашли отражение в разработанном нами комплексе упражнений на основе диалогов, используемом при изучении Present Simple и Present Progressive .

Present Simple

1. Read the dialogue in pairs
1 2 3
– Do you always do housework on Sunday?
– Yes, I do.
– What do you do?
– I dust the furniture and clean the rooms.
2. Replace the underlined words
1 2 3 4 5
often read in the evening read enjoy detective stories
usually watch TV at this time of the day watch like soar operas
regularly walk in the yard in the after noon do there play with may friends
sometimes listen to the radio in the morning every listen to prefer news
go to the club week do there play computer games
3. Read the dialogue in pairs
1 2 3
– Does Ann go to school in the morning?
– No, she doesn’t.
4 5
– So, when does she go there?
4 6 7
She leaves home at 1 p.m.
4. Replace the underlined words
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
your sister play the piano in the evening do it plays in the afternoon
Mr. Smith go abroad every month he travels twice a year on
Sam meet his friends on Sundays he meet them meets them Saturdays
aunt Joan come only in Summer come visits us in winter too
5. Make up a dialogue
a) Ask your friend if he/she studies a foreign language. He/she answers that he/she does. Ask your friend what language he/she studies. He/she answers that he/she studies English.
b) Ask your friend if he/she paints pictures. He/she answers that he/she does. Ask him/her what he/she likes to paint. He/she explains that he/she likes to paint portraits.
6. Put the words in the correct order
a) – go, day, do, shopping, you, every?
– I, don’t, no, the, Sundays, I, shops, go, on, to.
– who, and, bread, buys?
– My, does, granny.
b) – Ann, the, does, play, piano?
– yes, does, she.
– very, she, she, well, plays, doesn’t?
– oh, yes, composes, and, music, she, nice.
7. Fill in the missing remarks. Reproduce the dialogues
a) – Do you often go to the theatre?
– … … .
– What plays do you like?
– … … .
– And as for me, … … … .
b) – Does Pete play chess?
– … … … … .
– Whom does he play with?
– … … … ….
– … … … …?
– They play on Tuesday and Wednesday after school.
8. Make up your own dialogue. Use the following words. Act it
a) meet, friends, school problems, discuss
b) (tennis) club, Andrew, go(es), play(s).
c) they, swim, swimming-pool, river, with cousins, in summer.
d) Mr. Anderson, work(s), at an office, in the centre of the city, do(es), important work.

Present Progressive

1. Read the dialogue in pairs
1 2
– Is Ann doing her homework now?
– No, she isn`t.
– What is she doing?
– She is watching TV.
2. Replace the underlined words
1 2 3
Alison helping her mother walking with her friends
your brother working in the garden listening to music
Mrs. Anderson reading a book writing a letter
Nick roller skating playing tennis
3. Read the dialogue in pairs
– What time is it?
– It`s 5 o`clock.
– What are your friends doing now?
– I think they are preparing for exam.
4. Replace the underlined words
1 2 3
half past two Ann and Natalie cleaning their rooms
a quarter to five Tom and Nick Playing computer games
10 h. m. the children sleeping
9 a.m. the pupils having a test
5. Make up a dialogue
a) Ask your friend if he/she is writing a composition now. Your friend answers that he /she is. Ask your friend if his/her sister/brother is helping him/her. He/she answers that she/he isn`t because she/he is having a party with her/his friends.
b) Ask your friend if he/she is watching TV now. Your friend answers that he/she is; he/she is watching a concert. Ask your friend who is singing. Your friend answers that Russian pop singers are. Ask your friend where they are singing. He/she answers that they are singing in “Russia” concert hall in Moscow.
6. Put the words in the correct order
a) – the Browns, holidays, are, now, having?
– Yes, are, they.
– they, their, where, spending, are, holidays?
– I, think, visiting, they, parents, are, the, their, in, country.
b) – still, raining, is, it?
– No, isn`t, it
– wearing, and, are, umbrellas, people, raincoats.
– No, aren`t, they, sky, the, blue is, and sun is, the , shining.
7. Fill in the missing remarks. Reproduce the dialogues
a) – … ?
– She is in the reading-hall.
– … ?
– She is writing a report on history there.
b) – What`s the time now?
– … .
– What is your family doing now?
– I believe...

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